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A Commitment to Panchayati Raj Institutions
Department of Panchayati Raj
Policies & Practices
Uttar Pradesh
Panchayati Raj Department, Uttar Pradesh- A Commitment to 
Panchayati Raj Department, Uttar Pradesh
A Commitment to   

“Establish and develop LOCAL SELF GOVERNMENT in the rural areas of the State
as the basic unit of democratic Institution at the grass-root level in conformity to
Article 243 of the Constitution of India brought in through 73rd Constitution (Amendment) Act 1992, by making better provisions for rural administration and development.”

“Ensure constitution of three levels of PRIs as per Constitution of India and empower and strengthen them by vesting powers, functions, functionaries, and funds as per the Constitution of India so they may be enabled to dispense their
responsibilities of the common concerns in the rural areas .”
Panchayati Raj Department, Uttar Pradesh- A Commitment to PRIs 2

The department aims at empowerment of Panchayats to levy certain taxes, manage funds, make bylaws, prepare budgets, improve the status of sanitation through various activities and implement various schemes, maintain the assets of Panchayats benefit the community, by guiding them and enhancing the capacity of PRIs.
Panchayati Raj Department, Uttar Pradesh- A Commitment to PRIs 3

The Department of Panchayati Raj was created in the year 1948 with the responsibility of guidance, regulation, and monitoring of the functioning of Gram Panchayats were established under the UP Panchayat Raj Act, 1947. In view of ensuring the enhanced role of local rural bodies at the intermediary and districts level, Kshetra Panchayats, and Zila Panchayats were added with the enactment of the UP Kshetra Panchayat and Zila Panchayat Act, 1961.
At present, the state has 75 Zila Panchayats ( District Panchayats),821KshetraPanchayats(Intermediary Panchayats),and51,914GramPanchayats(Village Panchayats).

The Ministry of Panchayati Raj with a Cabinet Minister at the helm of affairs and the office of Principal Secretary Panchayati Raj look after the entire ambit of policymaking and the affairs related to the Panchayati Raj Institution and administrative functions.
To assist the Panchayats in the state, Govt. has created the following offices :

1. The State level

I. Directorate of Panchayati Raj
Panchayati Raj Department, Uttar Pradesh- A Commitment to PRIs 4
II. Zila Panchayat Monitoring Cell
III. Director Panchayat ( Accounts)
IV. Chief Audit Officer (Cooperatives and Panchayats)

2. Divisional level: Divisional Deputy Director ( Panchayats)

3. District level :
⇒ District Panchayati Raj Officer
⇒ Apar Mukhya Adhikari (Zila Panchayats)

4. Block level: Assistant Development Officer (Panchayat)

5. Gram Panchayat Level: Secretary, (Gram Panchayat Adhikari/ GramVikas
Apart from the above Department of Panchayati Raj also functions as the
administrative department to the Institution of State Election Commission (SEC).
Panchayati Raj Department, Uttar Pradesh- A Commitment to PRIs 5

In compliance with the provisions made in the Constitution of India:
1. PRIs, as well as the functioning of the Department, are governed by the two-state Panchayat Acts viz., 

1. UP Panchayati Raj Act 1947 and, 2. UP Kshetra Panchayat and Zila Panchayat Act 1961.

2. As per two State Panchayat Acts there is a 3 tier PRI systesamadhannews 365 # Niraj Kumar Srivastava 


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m as follows:
 Zila Panchayat at District Level
 Kshetra Panchayat at Intermediary (Block) level
 Gram Panchayat at the Village level

3. Elections are held at regular intervals of 5 years period, under the superintendence of State Election Commission since 1995. The last general elections were held in the year 2010.

4. State Finance Commissions are constituted every five years since 1994 to recommend the ways and means to increase the tax base of Panchayats and allocations of State net tax receipts to and among the Panchayats and local bodies. The Last State Finance Commission viz., 4th SFC was constituted in Dec 2011.
Panchayati Raj Department, Uttar Pradesh- A Commitment to PRIs 6

5. While there is the reservation for SCs/STs in proportion to their population and OBCs are subject to a maximum of 27% in seats and the offices of chairpersons, the women have reservations of not less than 1/3 in each and every category including the total strength of the panchayat.

6. At the Gram Panchayat level elections are held to elect a Gram Panchayat through a universal adult franchise that is made up of an elected Pradhan (Chairperson) and Members from different wards. Gram Sabha is the most powerful institution at the village level. Gram Sabha consists of all the residents attaining the age of 18 years of the Gram Panchayat area and the Pradhan of the Gram Panchayat as Chairperson of the Gram Sabha. The budget of the ensuing year and the tasks taken in the previous year are put for discussions and approval in the meetings of Gram Sabha which are compulsorily held after the harvesting of Kharif and Ravi Crops twice in the year. The list of all the schemes and the beneficiaries of the various departments are also submitted in the meeting of Gram Sabha. Likewise, Kshetra Panchayat and Zila Panchayat also perform the activities falling within their jurisdiction.

Panchayati Raj Department, Uttar Pradesh- A Commitment to PRIs 7

Policies are related to Programmes and Schemes SCHEME-1 NIRMAL BHARAT ABHIYAN Background -

 Individual health and hygiene are largely dependent on adequate availability of drinking water and proper sanitation. There is, therefore, a direct relationship between water, sanitation, and health. Consumption of unsafe drinking water, improper disposal of human excreta, improper environmental sanitation, and lack of personal and food hygiene are major factors of many diseases in developing countries.

 The concept of sanitation extends to include personal hygiene, home sanitation, safe water, garbage disposal, excreta disposal, and wastewater disposal.

 In consonance with the objectives of the United Nations International drinking water and Sanitation Decade 1981-1991, the State of Uttar Pradesh launched its Sanitation Program in the year 1995. Several Central and State-funded schemes were implemented since then. With the
the broader concept of Sanitation, Govt. of India introduced a scheme i.e.,

“Total Sanitation Campaign” (TSC) with effect from 1999.
Panchayati Raj Department, Uttar Pradesh- A Commitment to PRIs 8

 In the year 2012, the TSC with certain modifications and improvements was named Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA). The objective is to accelerate the sanitation coverage in the rural areas so as to comprehensively cover the rural community through renewed strategies and a saturation approach.

Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) envisages covering the entire community for saturated outcomes with a view to creating Nirmal Gram Panchayats with the following priorities:

 Provision of Individual Household Latrine (IHHL) to Below Poverty Line (BPL) and Identified above Poverty Line (APL) households within a Gram Panchayat (GP).

 Gram Panchayats where all habitations have access to water to be taken up. Priority may be given to Gram Panchayats having a functional piped water supply.

Provision of sanitation facilities in Government Schools and
Anganwadis in Government buildings within these GPs.

Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM) for proposed and existing Nirmal Grams.

Panchayati Raj Department, Uttar Pradesh- A Commitment to PRIs 9

Extensive capacity building of the stakeholders like Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs), Village Water and Sanitation Committees (VWSCs)
and field functionaries for sustainable sanitation.

Objectives: -
The main objective of the NBA are to bring about an improvement in the general quality of life in the rural areas by achieving the vision of “Nirmal Uttar Pradesh” by 2022 with all Gram Panchayats in the State attaining Nirmal status through the motivation of communities and Panchayati Raj Institutions promoting sustainable sanitation facilities.
The Department of Panchayati Raj focuses on encouragement to cost-effective and appropriate technologies for ecologically safe and sustainable sanitation.
It also aimed at the development of community-managed environmental sanitation systems focusing on solid & liquid waste management for overall cleanliness in the rural areas.
Strategy: -
The strategy is to transform the state into ‘Nirmal Uttar Pradesh’ by adopting the 'community led' and 'people centered' strategies and Panchayati Raj Department, Uttar Pradesh- A Commitment to PRIs 10 community saturation approach. A "demand-driven approach" is to be continued with emphasis on awareness creation and demand generation for sanitary facilities in houses, schools, and for cleaner environments.
Alternate delivery mechanisms would be adopted to meet the community's needs. The provision of incentives for individual household latrine units to the poorest of the poor households has been widened to cover the other needy households too so as to attain community outcomes. Availability of water in the Gram Panchayat shall be an important factor for sustaining
sanitation facilities created. Rural School Sanitation remains a major component and an entry point for wider acceptance of sanitation by the rural people. Wider technology options are being provided to meet the customer preferences and location-specific needs. Intensive IEC Campaign is the cornerstone of the program involving Panchayati Raj Institutions,
ASHA, Anganwadi workers, Women Groups, Self Help Groups, NGOs, etc.,.

Implementation Plan: -
‘Gram Panchayat is the basic unit of the Programme. A project proposal that emanates from a district is scrutinized and consolidated by the State Panchayati Raj Department, Uttar Pradesh- A Commitment to PRIs 11 Government and submitted to the Government of India (Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation) as a State Plan.
Components of NBA -
• Start-Up Activities

IEC Activities
Capacity Building
Construction of Individual Household Latrines
Rural Sanitary Marts and Production Centers
Provision of Revolving Fund in the District
Community Sanitary Complex
Institutional Toilets- School and Anganwadi toilets
Solid and Liquid Waste Management
Maintenance of facilities created under NBA
Administrative Charges
Panchayati Raj Department, Uttar Pradesh- A Commitment to PRIs 12


The 73rd Constitution (Amendment) Act has generated a vast quantum of enthusiasm in Panchayats. The State Govt has done a lot to enable Panchayats to function as a vibrant unit of Local self-unit of democratic governance at the grass-root level. Yet, as it is a continuous process, the state Govt is to utilize the opportunity provided under RGPSA to strengthen and empower the panchayats.
Developing a strong Panchayati Raj system is essential to improve governance and delivery of services which involves the redistribution of power, institution-building, and development of processes that improve accountability to the people.
Therefore the State Govt. is determined to ensure planned and strategic interventions tied to specified deliverables on its part to enable PRIs to make them stand strong enough to shoulder responsibilities enlisted in the eleventh schedule of the Constitution of India to be vested in them in near future.

The State Govt. through, The Rajiv Gandhi Panchayat Sashaktikaran Abhiyan will strengthen the Panchayati Raj system across the state and address critical gaps that constrain its success. The viewpoints of the elected representatives of PRIs and the functionaries responsible to them will be consulted in the preparation of annual and perspective plans for the state including the transfer of various funds, Panchayati Raj Department, Uttar Pradesh- A Commitment to PRIs 13 functions and functionaries to the Panchayats so the aspirations of the people may get space in the development process and transformed in the realties. The
State Government seeks to:
 Enhance capacities and effectiveness of Panchayats and the Gram Sabhas;
 Enable democratic decision-making and accountability in Panchayats and promote people's participation; Strengthen the institutional structure for knowledge creation and capacity building of Panchayats; Promote devolution of powers and responsibilities to Panchayats according to the spirit of the Constitution.
 Strengthen Gram Sabhas to function effectively as the basic forum of people's participation, transparency, and accountability within the Panchayat system;  Strengthen the constitutionally mandated framework on which Panchayats are founded.
As per guidelines of the RGPSA, the scheme will be implemented on cost sharing basis i.e., 75% by the MoPR, GoI, and 25% by the State Govt. The State Govt is 

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